Video game is actually a software that runs on different programming languages. To program a video game, a person must be aware or master of a language, but which language? is still a question of many people.
In this blog, we will make you inform which programming language is the best for games or the best language for games. Moreover, we will include the pros and cons of each listed language and also conclude a brief definition of Game Programming.
So, let's start with the definition of game programming to make the further steps more smooth.
What is Game programming?
Game programming is a writing code to create gameplay of any game, like coding for moving objects, creating matches, and all other actions that exist in a game, depends on programming.
Each language has its own potential and pros to create specific application or software with. Like Julia is popular for data science, while JavaSript for web development.
Features of the best programming languages for Games
As it is, there are multiple languages for game development, but the best language must be balanced with game development functionalities:
Fast & Secure
The language must be fast and secure for game development as games are designed with real time action features.
A video game programming must have the potential to support large volumes of data and immersive graphics components.
Supported different frameworks
A programming language must support different frameworks, game development kits and game engines.
Well, we have listed the features that are required for choosing the best language for game development. Now, we are going to list down 5 most popular languages for game programming.
Top 5 languages for game programming.
We are staring the list from C++ and then let you know its basic functionalities, then we will also list down the pros and cons including engines that support the language. Moreover, we will follow the same flow for other languages.
C++ is one of the most preferred and flexible languages for game development, originally developed by Bjarne Stroustrup who worked at Bell Labs in the United States.
C++ is an intermediate language which offers both low-level and high-level language components. It provides excellent results in programming and controls both hardware and graphical processes.
Moreover, C++ provides high-level optimization for parts that cannot be achieved by using other languages.
C++ can be used to build big screen games like Windows or Console game development. C++ is used in numerous AAA video games and gaming engines. Some popular games built with C++ are Maplestory, Invictus, Starcraft, Master of Orion III, Counter-Strike, and Football Pro.
|Pros of C++||Cons of C++|
|C++ is Fast and efficient||Complex coding for beginners|
|Supported by GDKs and frameworks||Platform-specific development tool|
|Large community & open-source code||Absence of Built-in Thread|
Game Engines support C+++
- Unreal Engine
- Toy Engine
HTML5 is an excellent game development tool for developing cross-platform or cross-browser games for any genre. It is one of the favourite development technologies for game development. It offers 3D and 2D graphics, coma offline assets storage, and audio APIs.
Construct 2, ImpactJS, Phaser, Turbulenz, and Booty5 engines offer HTML5 Game Development process.
HexGL, Cross Code, Sketch Out, Treasure Arena, Bejewled, Missile Game, Sinouos, Swoop, Free Rider HD are some of the popular games developed with HTML5 technologies.
|Pros of HTML5||Cons of HTML5|
|Multimedia support||Client-side rendering|
|Short and simple syntax||Local storage is less secure|
|Cross-platform support||Doesn’t support old browsers|
Game Engines support HTML5
- Construct 2
- Pixi JS
Java is another programming language that has been used for big game titles. Java is a great tool for versatile development and is loaded with a rich collection of open source material. Using the Java language, developers can build any type of software.
Initially, Minecraft was also developed on Java, and that still exists. Moreover, compared to C++ development, Java offers easy writing, debugging, learning and compiling.
Mission Impossible III, Minecraft, FIFA 11, and Ferrari GT 3 games were developed by using Java programming.
|Pros of Java||Cons of Java|
|Easy to learn and use||Slow performance|
|Cross-platform development||Verbos and Complex Code|
|Supports Multi threading||Doesn't provide backup|
Game Engines support Java
Popular games are Op Hog, PixelDefense, Tower Building, Pocket Island and many more.
|Easy to learn and use||Cannot Debug|
|Browser-based development tool||Unexpected stop of rendering|
C# is the simplest, advanced, object-oriented programming language. It is not just a more accessible language but also has the potential to give exceptional outputs. XNA framework of C# enables developers to build Windows and Xbox games.
With the help of Unity3D and Xamarin, developers can build fantastic games for iOS, Android, PlayStation and Windows using C# language.
Some games developed with C# and Unity are Genshin Impact, Rust, Escape Plan, Escape from tarkov, Pokemon Go, Arizone Sunshine, and Cuphead.
|Pros of C#||Cons of C#|
|Fast and efficient||Hard learning curve|
|Thorough documentation||Strict coding standards|
|Large Community||Dependence on .NET platform|
Game Engines supports C#
- Mono Game
We have ended this topic after discussing C# functionalities, and we hope you have gone through the entire topic and have gotten an idea of which language will be the best for learning game programming. Our expert game development team recommends learning C++ or C# as these languages are supported by the industry's best game engines, including Unreal, Unity, CryEngine, Godot and many more.
Gamix Labs is a game development company that has fulfilled diverse industries' needs by delivering impeccable games. We provide development, art, animation, testing and porting services under one roof.